Instructional strategies guide the educator when deciding on a method to use in order for the learner to achieve the targeted objective. Strategies can be either direct instruction, indirect instruction, interactive instruction, experiential learning, or independent study.
- Direct Instruction is educator-directed. This strategy includes methods such as lecture, practice and drill, didactic questions (who, what, when, where, why, and how) and demonstrations.
- Indirect Instruction is mainly learner-centered. This strategy includes methods of problem solving, decision making, and reflective discussion.
- Interactive Instruction is based on sharing information within a group. This strategy includes large group discussions, small group discussions, and think-pair-share methods.
- Experiential Learning is learner centred and activity oriented. Methods included within this strategy consist of field trips, experiments, games, and role playing.
- Independent Study is a strategy used to guide the learner to acquire knowledge that is interesting to themselves. This strategy includes methods such as learning centers, sensory tables, computer-assisted instruction, and activity packages.